Survival of the Fittest or Coexistence of Humans with Tigers… Choice is Ours!

Tigers-the most majestic and charismatic megafauna which has featured in the tradition, art, mythology, literature, films across the world; is dying a slow death.

1July 29 is celebrated every year as international tiger’s day since 2010. The main aim of this programme was to spread awareness about the conservation of the tigers at the same time also promote their protection. WWF has also been promoting TX2; the goal to double the tiger population by 2022. The number of tigers has been dwindling over the decade due to both anthropogenic (poaching, habitat loss due to rapid urbanisation) and natural (forest fires, floods, climate change) causes. Project Tiger was initiated by Indira Gandhi in 1973 to facilitate tiger breeding in a safe environment. But sadly, 60% of the tiger observed during the census of 2007 were hunted by inhuman poachers. Humans have lost 97% of this majestic cat in over 100 years and last year the number stood between 3062-3948. Subspecies of Bali, Caspian, Javan, Liger and few others are already extinct.

Statistics reported by : National Tiger Conservation Authority

Statistics reported by : National Tiger Conservation Authority

Tigers-the most majestic and charismatic megafauna which has featured in the tradition, art, mythology, literature, films across the world; is dying a slow death.

July 29 is celebrated every year as international tiger’s day since 2010. The main aim of this programme was to spread awareness about the conservation of the tigers at the same time also promote their protection. WWF has also been promoting TX2; the goal to double the tiger population by 2022. The number of tigers has been dwindling over the decade due to both anthropogenic (poaching, habitat loss due to rapid urbanisation) and natural (forest fires, floods, climate change) causes. Project Ti3ger was initiated by Indira Gandhi in 1973 to facilitate tiger breeding in a safe environment. But sadly, 60% of the tiger observed during the census of 2007 were hunted by inhuman poachers. Humans have lost 97% of this majestic cat in over 100 years and last year the number stood between 3062-3948. Subspecies of Bali, Caspian, Javan, Liger and few others are already extinct.

India, Russia, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Bangladesh are conducting yearly tiger surveys while Nepal is the first country to achieve zero poaching. Several organisations like WWF, IUCN, National Geographic, TRAFFIC, FREELAND, IFAW, GEF and a few others are working towards a common goal- to save the tigers and the aesthetic appeal of humans (to some extent).

What we can do?4

  • Bring more forests, sanctuaries and national reserves under strict legal protection.
  • Adopting tigers as part of CSR.
  • Strict action to be taken for persons found guilty of hunting tigers.
  • Spread awareness

 

About the Author :

Neha Agarwal is pursuing her Internship from Keep India Beautiful. She has done her MS in Environmental & Water Resources Engineering from IIT Madras and B.Tech in Biotechnology from HIT (W.B.). She is passionate about environment. She loves reading, and getting involved in arts and craft activities in her leisure time.